Section 35D of Income Tax Act enables people to seek tax deductions for preliminary expenses.
One can seek tax deductions on capital expenses incurred before the business starts operating. However, there are eligibility criteria and additional details that people need to know.
Read on to learn more about this Section.
Tax deductions can be claimed under Section 35D of the Income Tax Act by a company or an Indian resident for preliminary expenses before a particular business.
Section 35D of the Income Tax Act has laid down rules for the amounts that can be deducted.
The maximum deductible amount should not be more than 5% of the entire project cost or the capital used for the company’s business.
Cost of Project
This includes the cost of fixed assets like land, building, factory, machines, furniture, fittings, additional costs related to set-ups incurred after the business began, and development costs.
Costs of a project are the expenses that were recorded in the books on the last day of the previous year when the business began operating.
Capital Employed in the Company’s Business
This includes the capital investment amount a business uses for operations, namely share capital, debentures, long term borrowings and share premium account.
One should note that the amount recorded on the last day of the previous year when the business started operating would be considered as capital employed in the company’s business.
Listed below are preliminary expenditures that are allowed for deductions as per Section 35D of ITA:
Given below are the eligibility criteria for claiming deductions under Section 35D of ITA:
An Indian company or an Indian resident can claim deductions for expenses that have occurred before a business commences. Additionally, they can seek deductions for money spent on extensions or developments of existing undertakings or setting up an entirely new unit.
Listed below are points that one must remember concerning Section 35D of ITA:
To sum up, business owners should know about Section 35D of the Income Tax Act. This Section allows eligible people to seek tax deductions for expenses that have occurred before commencement of a business.
The Government of India introduced Section 115BAA in 2019. This ordinance incorporated many changes into the Income Tax Act. These include corporate tax rate cuts for Indian companies and manufacturing companies. Additionally, GoI reduced MAT (Minimum Alternate Tax) to 15% from 18.5%.
According to the Income Tax Act, preliminary expenditures will be amortised over 5 years. However, as far as accounting treatment is concerned, amortisation within a single year is preferred. This results in a problem related to timing because the taxpayer offers more taxable income and subsequently pays less in the future. IT authorities have created DTA (Direct Tax Asset) to address this issue for amortisation of preliminary expenses.
Section 36A of ITA provides a list of expenses of a business or company that are applicable for tax deductions. Given below are some of the applicable expenditures:
1. Employer’s contribution to a gratuity fund
2. Employer’s contribution to welfare schemes of employees
3. Employer’s contribution to Provident Fund
Government of India introduced Income Tax rules in 1962. The rules help in enforcing the Income Tax Act. Basically, IT rules function strictly from within the IT Act because the former cannot overlook the provisions given in the Act.
Income tax slab means the tax rates prescribed for people earning different income ranges. Basically, tax increases with the increase in a person’s income. The purpose of the Income tax slab was to promote fairness, transparency and progressiveness in India’s taxation system.
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