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Housing Loan Interest Rates in 2022: 4 Factors That Can Affect Home Loan Interest Rates
2 September 2022
With RBI increasing its repo rate to 5.40%, lenders have increased their home loan interest rates too. So, in case you are planning to apply for a home loan, check the latest home loan interest rates first, so that you can compare and make an informed decision.
We have curated home loan interest rates of the top 10 lenders in India and have explained the factors affecting your home loan interest rate. Let’s dive in!
Home Loan Interest Rates
Lenders usually offer two types of housing loan interest rate systems – fixed and floating. The EMIs for a floating interest loan change with alterations in the underlying benchmark. Some lenders make adjustments to keep the EMI constant over time, while others base their rates on BPLR (Benchmark Prime Lending Rates).
Current Home Loan Interest Rates in India (2022)
The current home loan interest rates offered by some renowned lenders in India have been discussed below:
Note that the interest rate loans mentioned above are valid as of 14 September, 2022. These are subject to change which is announced by the respective lenders.
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For fixed home loan rates, the rate of interest charged on loans remains constant throughout the tenure of the loan. As such, these loans have constant EMIs allowing a borrower to pre-plan his/her repayment.
Fixed interest rates are ideal when you expect market rates to go up in the future. However, if the market interest regime goes down, you may have to pay higher interest, resulting in a higher EMI obligation.
Depending on the type of loan, interest rates may be fixed for the entire tenure or a part of it, as per the lender’s policies.
2. Floating interest rates
A loan under a floating regime has a home loan rate that keeps changing over the tenure of the loan. It varies with changes in market conditions and the underlying external benchmarks such as the Reserve Bank of India’s repo rates. When the interest rates rise, so does your loan repayment amount and vice versa.
The floating interest rate is made out of two components: index and spread. The index refers to the measure of interest rates based on the underlying benchmark like the repo rate. On the other hand, the spread is the extra amount charged by a financial institution to cover credit risks and profit mark-up.
For instance, if the underlying index is 6% and a financial institution decides on a spread of an additional 2%, the applicable lending rates will be 8%.
Floating interest rates are ideal when the market interest rates are declining. However, if the standard interest rates go up, so do the payable EMIs.
Factors that Affect the Home Loan Interest Rates
1. Benchmark rate of lending
Financial institutions can have several types of benchmark lending rates. Most banks follow RBI’s repo rate as an external benchmark while all NBFCs use PLR (Prime Lending Rate) to determine their housing loan interest rates.
2. Credit score
The credit score allows lenders to study the applicant’s past debt repayment records and overall creditworthiness. Having a high credit score means the borrower is more likely to repay his/her loan in time. Hence, the lender could charge them a lower housing loan interest rate. In case, your credit score is on the lower side of the spectrum, you can still improve your score by following the best practices.
3. Applicant’s income
Lenders assume lower credit risks when their borrowers have a high and steady source of income. That’s why salaried applicants at a reputable company will often get better interest rates compared to self-employed individuals.
4. Condition and location of property
The location, age, condition, and available amenities of the property also determine its resale value and, thus, the interest on a mortgage loan. A high resale value makes a property lucrative for lending institutions, often leading them to offer lower interest rates.
How to Calculate Home Loan Interest Rates?
Following are the different methods of calculating the interest rate of a home loan:
1. Flat rate method
In this method, one calculates the interest rate on the original principal amount. For example, if one borrows a home loan with a tenure of 20 years, he/she will pay a fixed interest rate for the entire tenure.
With this flat rate method, one could calculate the EMI using the following formula:
EMI = (Principal + Total interest)/ loan tenure in months.
2. Reducing balance method
This method calculates the interest rate on the outstanding amount only. With the reducing balance method, interest is not charged on the principal component already paid with EMIs. As a result, the outstanding balance reduces with time.
One could calculate the EMI under this reducing balance method with the following formula.
EMI = [P x r x (1+r)^n]/[(1+r)^n-1]
Here, P is the principal, r is the rate of interest, and n is the number of instalments.
3. Using a home loan calculator
Financial institutions have their own EMI calculators that facilitate easy calculation of EMIs and a detailed breakdown of interest payments. You can take the help of Navi’s EMI calculator to calculate your monthly and yearly EMIs. Simply enter the loan amount, interest rate, and tenure, and you will get the EMI value.
4. Using Excel
Calculating home loan interest rates using Excel is simple and easy. You will need a formula and the values of its attributes.
The formula to use in Excel is as follows:
= RATE (PMT, NPER, PV)
This is called the RATE function in Excel. Here, Rate stands for the home loan interest rate. NPER stands for the number of instalments, and PV stands for the principal amount or present value.
You need to enter these values to get your result. You should remember to enter the currency symbol when entering the loan value and the percentage symbol while entering the rate of interest. If you are calculating the interest rate, you will get the result in the percentage format.
How to Calculate Effective Interest Rate?
Effective interest rate, also known as effective annual interest rate, is the actual interest rate on a loan after considering the method of compounding. The rate of interest is equally proportionate to the frequency of the compounding period.
Effective interest rate formula:
The following formula is used to compute the effective annual interest rate (EAR) on a loan:
EAR= (1 + i/n)n – 1
where “i” stands for the annual interest rate & “n” is the frequency or number of compounding periods.
Tips to Get Lower Interest Rates on Home Loans
Take a look at some tips and tricks you can follow to avail of lower interest rates on home loans:
Maintain a good credit score, preferably 750 or above, to get the most favourable interest rates.
You can avail of a joint home loan with your spouse to get a lower interest rate.
If your current lender charges higher interest rates, you can opt for a home loan balance transfer with another lender offering a lower interest rate.
Other Fees and Charges to Consider
Availing of a home loan often involves payment of various fees and charges.
1. Processing fees
All financial institutions will charge a small processing fee, sometimes called an administrative fee, to process your loan application. This amount usually varies from 0.25% to 2% of the loan amount or up to Rs. 10,000.
2. Other loan-related fees
This includes pre-payment charges, application fees, late payment fees, conversion charges or switching fees, collection charges and insurance premiums.
3. Document-related fees
This can include NOC charges, stamp duty fees, income tax certificate fees, fees for revalidation of NOC, CIBIL Report fees, etc. However, with financial institutions like Navi, you can minimise your cost of borrowing with zero documentation charges.
4. Legal charges
This will likely include legal expenses, valuation fees, MoD of title deed charges, CERSAI charges, etc.
When searching for a home loan, a potential borrower should look for the lowest home loan interest rates, the least fees and charges, and the ease of the loan process. Borrowers should always conduct thorough research of the lending institution, compare different loan offers, and read all the terms and conditions carefully before signing up.
Q1. How does the repo rate affect the home loan interest rate?
Ans: Repo rate is the interest the Reserve Bank of India charges from the banks while lending money. RBI supplies the funds to the banks for the loans we take as borrowers. So, the interest rates that we have to pay are simply the reflection of the interest rate the banks have to pay to the RBI. Hence, an increase or decrease in the Repo rate has a directly proportional effect on the home loan interest rate.
Q2. Between fixed & floating, which is a better interest rate?
Ans:Most lenders usually provide loans with two types of rates – fixed interest rate and floating interest rate, which is slightly lesser than the fixed one. The preference depends on the borrower. If you are comfortable with the fickleness of the floating interest rate, you could benefit from that; otherwise, you should go with a fixed interest rate.
Q3. How can I check the total interest payout for my housing loan?
Ans: To check the total interest payout for your housing loan, you have to subtract the principal amount of your loan from the total repayment amount. This value is mostly accurate but can vary slightly.
Q4. Can my credit score impact my home loan interest rate?
Ans: Yes, your credit score will have some form of impact on your home loan interest rate. Even if a home loan is a secured loan, lenders take your credit score into consideration before approving a loan. Chances are the better your credit rating, the lower will be your interest rate. Usually, a credit score of more than or equal to 700 will get you the lowest interest rate.
Q5. What is the home loan interest rate in India?
Ans: The home loan interest rate is the percentage of the amount charged by the lender on the home loan. So, if you have a home loan of Rs.30 lakh and the interest rate is 8% p.a., you have to pay the additional amount every month in the form of EMI towards the principal amount as interest.
Q6. How to reduce home loan interest rates?
Ans: You can get the lowest home loan interest rate depending on the following parameters – credit score above 750, stable source of monthly income preferable above Rs.50,000, your relationship with the lender, and repayment capacity, to name a few. However, the final rate will be decided by the lender upon evaluation.
Q7. Do financial institutions offer the same interest rates for all applicants?
Q8. What are the eligibility criteria for getting a home loan?
Ans: To get a home loan, an applicant needs to be within a certain age bracket, usually 21 to 65 years, during the tenure. They will also need to have a steady source of income that can easily cover the home loan EMIs. A credit score over 750 is also desirable to get the best available loan rates.
Q9. How can I apply for a home loan with Navi?
Ans: To apply for a home loan with Navi, simply download the Navi app from Google Play or App Store. Then submit the property details, check eligibility with PAN and other basic details and get instant approval.
Before you go…
Are you looking to buy that house you’ve been eyeing 🏠 and you need a loan of up to ₹5 crore. Install the Navi app now and get instant in-principle approval right away! Interest rates starting at 8.39% p.a.
Disclaimer: This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information, and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
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