General insurance is a category of insurance that protects assets from any unexpected loss. It is a common term that covers all kinds of non-life insurance.
For example, you have a house, and you insure it against fire by taking fire insurance. Here, the fire insurance covers any loss which might occur in case the house gets a fire. For example, health, automobile, natural calamity, fire, etc. In case of an unfortunate event, having a general insurance cover can be of immense help.
Take a look at the features and benefits of general insurance, its types and list of companies in India, documents required to purchase general insurance, tax benefits and the process of coverage claim. Keep reading!
In today’s time, almost every asset can be insured. All non-life insurance products are categorized under general insurance. Let us understand the most common insurance types.
It covers the risk of becoming sick and protects from any financial trouble in case of medical expenses. Also called medical insurance, it covers hospitalization charges among other expenses based on policy terms. Getting health insurance is prudent & necessary in uncertain times, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Most insurance providers require individuals to pay upfront but Navi allows monthly EMIs as low as Rs. 241/month. Install the Navi health app now and get your policy in under 2 minutes
Vehicle insurance covers the risk of financial loss due to accidents & other damages to the vehicle. It helps to avoid unnecessary & unexpected expenses on vehicles. Also called motor insurance, it is mandatory in India.
There are two types of vehicle insurance available in India:
Note: it is essential to read the insurance policy document to know what is covered and what is not.
All of us love to travel, but the unexpected loss can occur anytime, anywhere. Travel insurance takes care of all issues such as:
So, next time, get travel insurance before planning that awaited trip.
Owning a house is a dream for all. Yet, having a house is a job half done. Home insurance is a necessity in today’s time. It protects your house structure & its contents.
The protection is available not only against natural disasters but also man-made disasters such as fire, theft, etc. Moreover, a sense of security gives you mental peace & happiness.
Home insurance policies divide the insurance coverage into two parts: house structure and its content. It is necessary to understand the difference between the two.
A structure-only policy will insure only the structure of the house while a content-only policy will cover just the content. Therefore, a comprehensive policy covering both the structure and content must be chosen.
A fully furnished house is an expensive asset, the cost of repairing or refurbishing a house is high. It is always advisable to choose a comprehensive house insurance plan to avoid any risk related to a house.
The features and benefits of general insurance policies in India are enumerated below:
Given below is the list of top general insurance companies in India in 2022:
Given below is the list of the documents required to buy general insurance policies in India:
Along with the aforementioned documents, there are a few insurance-specific documents that are required.
For example, for health insurance, people would need the following documents along with the aforementioned ones:
For buying a motor insurance policy, people would have to submit the following documents along with the general list of documents:
The main concept behind general insurance is to help people protect themselves from the financial effect of damage and loss of property and other valuables.
When someone buys an insurance policy, he/she is required to pay a monthly or annual premium.
If a person faces damage or loss of property, the terms of the policy are used to help a person up to the decided limit.
The insurer might replace the item. If terms dictate, policy-holders might also receive a cash settlement.
Everyone wants to receive their claim amount in a hassle-free way. Even insurance companies know the importance of a customer-centric approach which can make all the difference.
The normal claim process of a general insurance policy is given below:
There are two types of claim ratios that you need to be aware of when buying a general insurance policy in India.
This tells you how likely it is for an insurance company to settle your claims. ICR is the ratio between the net claims paid by an insurer against the total premiums it has collected.
Let us take the example of an insurance company that has collected Rs. 60 crore in premium and has paid Rs. 80 crore for settling insurance claims. In that case, its Incurred Claim Ratio is 75%.
A high ICR may mean that a company is in good financial health and has a history of settling claims. However, if a company with low profits shows high ICR, it may not be able to sustain its operations in the long run.
CRS is the percentage of claims that an insurer has settled against the claims it has received in a year. This ratio shows you the commitment and reliability of a general insurance company towards its customers. You can check the CSR of all general insurance providers on their website.
Let us say that a company has settled 85 claims against 100 claims it has received. In this case, its CSR would be 85%.
The higher the CSR, the higher the chance of your claims being settled by a particular insurer. It also indicates that the company has sound financials and a robust claim settlement process. However, it does not factor in the time taken to settle claims.
The tax benefits of general insurance policies are enumerated below.
Section 80D of ITA allows tax benefits for the premium paid for health insurance. One can claim a tax deduction for self, spouse and children for up to:
One can also seek additional tax deductions for parents:
It should be noted that tax benefits can only be availed if the premium is paid by any other mode other than cash.
If the vehicle is used for business purposes, the premium paid for the insurance can be treated as an expense.
If the car is used for personal purposes, the premium paid cannot be treated as an expense.
If the vehicle is used for both personal and business reasons, tax deductions are allowed only for the instances when the car was used for business.
Premium is the price paid to avail of any insurance. It is the cost price of the insurance policy. It can be paid monthly or in a lump sum while buying the insurance policy. The insurance premium is calculated based on many factors. The most important factors in case of calculating the general insurance premium are:
As the name suggests, life insurance covers your life, while general insurance covers everything else. Read below to understand more about the two.
|General insurance||Life insurance|
|It covers all assets other than one’s life. It is also called the non-life insurance segment.||It covers the life of the policyholder.|
|The insurance is generally renewed every year.||The policy is for life or maturity as per the terms.|
|In case of no loss within the policy period, the insurance ends.||In certain life insurance policies, the sum assured is paid after maturity to the holder.|
|Premium is paid every time the policy is renewed.||Premium is paid till the policy period or death of the holder as per terms.|
Buying insurance can be tricky. One can buy it offline or online. Buying offline is tough & inconvenient, considering you need to find an agent or visit the company office.
On the other hand, buying online can be a pleasant experience with a paperless, easy and minimal time-consuming process. You can get your insurance within 20 mins.
Consider these points before you buy any insurance:
There are a few things that you should remember while purchasing a general insurance plan:
Also Read: Should you buy health insurance on EMI?
A non-life or general insurance helps cover expenses in case of an unforeseen and unfortunate event and loss of assets. Before you purchase general insurance, you must read the documents carefully and check what the general insurance covers. Once you decide, you can easily apply for general insurance online.
Ans: It is absolutely safe to buy insurance online. It is quick, easy, and paperless.
Ans: You must look at the claim settlement ratio to find out the best insurance provider. Higher the claim settlement ratio, the better the insurance provider.
Ans: General insurance include health, motor, marine, accidents and other non-life insurances. Life insurance is not a type of General Insurance. Basically, all insurances apart from life insurance fall under the category of General Insurance.
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Disclaimer: This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information, and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
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