When taxpayers receive any part of their salary in advance or in arrears, they can claim relief under Section 89 of Income Tax Act. This provision is also applicable for family pensions received in arrears.
This blog dissects Section 89 and its workings. Read on!
If an employee receives arrears or pending compensation along with their salary, they are usually charged more tax than they are supposed to pay. If the employee received the amount in the year that it pertained to, the additional tax would have been divided over the years, which would have decreased the tax liability significantly. However, this is not always the case.
Fortunately, taxpayers can claim relief on the salaries they receive in the form of arrears or as advance under Section 89. This section comes under Chapter VIII (Rebates and Reliefs) of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
A person can claim relief under section 89 if he/she receives an arrear of salary in the cases mentioned below:
The following situations qualify for relief under section 89 as per the Income Tax Department:
Compute the present year’s tax due by adding the arrears in total income
Next, compute the current year’s tax by subtracting the arrears from the total amount
Calculate the difference between the amounts of Step 2 and Step 1 (let M denote the difference)
Compute tax liability for the year generating the arrears by adding the arrears in total income
Now, compute tax liability for the year generating the arrears by subtracting the arrears from total income
Calculate the difference between the two amounts in Step 5 and Step 4 (let N denote the difference)
Subtract N from M to get the amount of relief under Section 89 of the Income Tax Act
The following illustration will give you a better understanding of this provision:
Suppose. Ritu’s income was Rs. 10,00,000 in FY 2020-21. She gets an arrear amounting to Rs. 1,00,000 per annum. Her income in FY2019-20 was Rs. 7,00,000.
The chart below shows the calculation of relief under section 89:
|Details||Taxation for FY 2020-21||Taxation for FY 2019-20|
|Income including arrears||Income without arrears||Income including arrears||Income without arrears|
|Tax (after relief of Section 87A)||1,42,500||1,12,500||72,500||52,500|
|Difference||1,48,200 – 1,17,000 = 31,200||75,400 – 54,600 = 20,800|
|Relief Amount||31,200 – 20,800 = 10,400|
|Tax Payable||1,48,200 – 10,400 = 137,800|
It can be seen from the above table that Ritu receives a relief amount of Rs. 10,400 in FY 2020-21.
In order to claim relief under section 89 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, you must fill up form 10E online on the Income Tax website. Form 10E must be submitted before filing the Income Tax return. For this process, your salary slip will work as proof of receiving the arrear. Preserving the salary slip is important if you wish to claim tax relief on the arrear received.
Here are the steps that you can follow to file form 10E to claim relief under section 89 of the Income Tax Act, 1961:
Step 1: Log in to the Income Tax e-Filing website and provide your User ID and password.
Step 2: After you successfully log in, click on the “e-File” tab and a drop-down menu will open. Click on “Income Tax Forms”.
Step 3: The screen will display Income Tax Forms; in the “Form Name” option, a drop-down menu will open. Select “FORM NO. 10E- form for relief u/s 89”.
Step 4: Select the “Assessment Year” for which you are filing the relief for, and in “Submission Mode”, select “Prepare and Submit Online”.
Step 5: After clicking on “Continue”, a new page will open for FORM NO. 10E. You will have to fill up the form by entering relevant information and completing the blue tabs.
Step 6: Click on “Save Draft” while filling up the form, and click on “Preview & Submit” after completing.
The Income Tax Department has made it mandatory for taxpayers to fill out form 10E to get relief under section 89. If the taxpayer is a government employee, cooperative society, institution, local authority, university or association, they are entitled to get relief under section 89.
According to section 89, tax relief is provided by recalculating the tax for both the years – one in which the arrear is received and one to which it pertains. The taxes are calculated assuming the arrear is received in the year it was due.
Individuals who claim tax relief on arrear received while filing their income tax return but do not file Form 10E will receive a notice from the department informing the same. Further, his/her arrear amount will be included in the current year’s income and will be taxed accordingly.
Tax relief under section 89 is applicable when a taxpayer receives gratuity for previous services (for a tenure of 5 years or above). You can calculate the tax relief in the following manner:
The procedure of calculating relief on gratuity is similar to the above-mentioned method. However, you should consider two years instead of three while computing the average tax rate. The total income of the previous two years is added to one-half of the gratuity.
Here are 5 things that you should keep in mind before claiming relief on arrears:
Section 89 of the Income Tax Act offers a relief when an individual receives taxable compensation from a previous employer or current employer during employment termination. However, the following conditions apply:
In this case, the method of calculating relief will be similar to the one used for gratuity payments (the procedure mentioned for a service tenure of 15 years or above will be followed).
When a taxpayer’s pension is commuted, the calculation for relief amount will be based on the method used for gratuity (procedure specified in case of service tenure of 15 years or above).
If the payments come under some other case, CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes) will look through the conditions under each case and offer tax relief as applicable.
An Indian citizen has to pay tax on income earned during a fiscal year. Incomes often include arrears (previous dues received in the present year) and advances. Section 89 of the Income Tax Act reduces the tax burden by providing relief in such exceptional cases.
You can read the relevant provisions of the IT Act before filing income tax returns.
Ans: Taxpayers who wish to avail relief under section 89 must file Form 10E. An assessee who is a body, association, university, institution, cooperative society, local authority or government employee can claim tax relief under this section. Any other employee can apply for the relief under the assessing officer (not an employer).
Ans: To file Form 10E, follow the below-mentioned steps:
> Go to the Income Tax online portal and log in
> Press’ e-File’ and select the relevant option from the drop-down button
> Select ‘Form 10E’ from the drop-down button
> Enter the assessment year and click’ Continue.’
> You can now provide the required details in the form
> Press ‘Submit’ after finishing the procedure
Ans: If a taxpayer cannot fill the complete form in one go, he/she can save the details duly filled up by pressing ‘Save Draft’. The assessee can access the saved draft of Form 10E later and can complete the remaining procedure thereafter.
Ans: Employers can ask for proof of Form 10E submission to adjust taxes and offer relief. However, it is not compulsory to submit the form to employers. A taxpayer need not attach Form 10E while filing IT returns.
Ans: The following categories need to pay taxes:
• Association of persons
• Hindu Undivided Family
• Body of individuals
In addition, the Income Tax Department classifies Indian residents under these age groups:
• Taxpayers aged below 60 years
• Individuals aged above 60 years – below 80 years
• Taxpayers above 80 years
Disclaimer: Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme-related documents carefully.
This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information, and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
|Section 194IB||Section 44AA||Section 80E|
|Section 195||Section 80EEA||Section 80DD|
|Section 80CCC||Section 80GG||Section 80 G|
|Section 54F||Section 1941A||Section 10|
|Section 194Q||Section 192||Section 269SS|
|Section 80DDB||Section 44AD||Section 194C|
|Section 194A||Section 194H||Section 80D|
|Section 80C||Section 80C, 24(b), 80EE & 80EEA||Section 234A|
|Section 50C||Section 80C||Section 80EEA|
|Section 194B||Section 194J||Section 206C|
|Section 80CCG||Section 80 EEB||Section 24Q|
|Section 40b||Section 194C||Section 54EC|
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