Income Tax Act, 1961 urges professionals and business persons to maintain books of accounts. Along with that, they have to file income tax returns at the end of the current fiscal year and get their accounts audited. To simplify the process and decrease the burden of compliances, the Government introduced the Presumptive Taxation Scheme under Section 44ADA of the Income Tax Act.
This scheme is available to professionals specified under this section who have gross receipts below Rs. 50 lakh in an FY. To know more about eligibility factors, benefits and implications of choosing a presumptive scheme under section 44ADA of ITA, keep on reading!
The Government of India inserted Section 44ADA into the Income Tax Act for the calculation of profits of specified persons.
The main purposes are enumerated as follows:
Apart from paying heed to the annual income, you should be aware of certain eligibility aspects related to this provision. To be eligible for the presumptive scheme, individuals need to be a resident of India. The Union Budget 2021 announced that Section 44ADA would be only applicable to the following taxpayers:
Apart from this, there are certain parameters related to the assessee’s profession mentioned in the norms of Section 44ADA of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Find the professions specified under this provision below:
Now, if you fall into one of these categories mentioned above, there are certain advantages you can expect from going for the presumptive scheme under Section 44ADA of ITA.
The case study below illustrates the presumptive income offered under section 44ADA:
Suppose Anisha is an interior designer. Her receipts for the financial year 2019-2020 are Rs. 40 lakh and her annual expenses are Rs. 10 lakh.
The tables below will compare Anisha’s taxable income under normal provisions and presumptive tax scheme.
|Gross Receipts||Rs. 40,00,000|
|Subtract: Expenses||Rs. 10,00,000|
|Net profit||Rs. 30,00,000|
Presumptive tax scheme:
|Gross Receipts||Rs. 40,00,000|
|Less: 50% of deemed expenses||Rs. 20,00,000|
|Net Profit||Rs. 20,00,000|
As illustrated by the case study above, Anisha’s net profit under the presumptive scheme is lower than that calculated under normal provisions. Therefore, if Anisha calculates her income calculated as per the presumptive tax scheme, it will be beneficial for her.
Here is a list of perks professionals will get by going for this particular taxation scheme:
Now that you have a better understanding of all benefits associated with going for a presumptive taxation scheme, go through some of its implications stated below.
If the taxpayer fulfills the following parameters, he/she should keep records and have their accounts audited:
Given below are the details of the exemptions allowed under section 44ADA:
Many times, a salaried individual chooses to earn extra from other sources like freelancing or tuitions. In such cases his/her salary is added to the extra earnings for arriving at the gross income accrued in the financial year.
The individual is liable to pay tax on the total income according to the applicable income tax slab rate.
Enumerated below are the important factors that one needs to consider before opting for presumptive taxation:
Under this tax provision, 50% of the total gross receipts are usually termed as taxable income. The remaining 50% of gross receipts are regarded as different expenses related to the business, such as electricity costs, depreciation of assets, etc.
Note that apart from deductions that are already allowed under Section 30 to 38 within this 50% of gross receipts, no other deductions will be available. Even when it comes to depreciable assets’ written down value (WDV), the evaluation will be again after the deduction of allowed depreciation.
Keep this information in mind before you opt for the presumptive scheme under Section 44ADA of the Income Tax Act. It is advisable to estimate your expenses and the receipts before you make such decisions, as that helps in better tax planning. Also, consult financial experts beforehand as they often ask to avoid this tax provision to businessmen having a low net profit ratio.
Ans: Yes, even if you do not meet the eligibility parameters set for Section 44ADA, you can still claim deductions under other tax provisions of the IT Act. In that case, you can file returns under the normal Income Tax Scheme and avail of tax benefits.
Ans: No, this particular scheme under Section 44ADA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 is not applicable to professionals having annual income beyond Rs. 50 lakh. In such cases, the self-assessment scheme of the IT Act will apply to individuals with an annual income of more than this limit.
Ans: There are two criteria an assessee needs to meet first, and then the accounts shall be audited. These include:
> Annual income from the profession is offered at a rate that is lower than 50% of total gross receipts.
> Assessee’s total revenue exceeds the basic exemption limit.
Ans: Besides simplifying the tax system for businessmen or self-employed individuals, the purpose was also to establish parity among businesses. Along with that, the reduction of tax liability is another advantage business persons receive with this.
Disclaimer: Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme-related documents carefully.
This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information, and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
|Section 145A||Section 80P||Section 92CD|
|Section 281||Section 32(2)||Section 270A|
|Section 1399||Section 192A||Section 11|
|Section 35AD||Section 80C||Section 32|
|Section 206AA||Section 92E||Section 9|
|Section 153||Section 10(10D)||Section 194DA|
|Section 10AA||Section 80GG||Section 80TTB|
|Section 80JJAA||Section 1940||Section 23B|
|Section 206AB||Section 44AB||Section 87A|
|Section 115JB||Section 154||Section 194D|
|Section 194J(1)(ba)||Sectio 80U||Section 194K|
|Section 56-59||Section 80TTA||Section 234C|
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