Gross income denotes the total earnings without any deductions or tax adjustments. For salaried individuals, gross income is also known as Cost To Company (CTC). However, the take-home pay or in-hand salary would be different after tax and other deductions.
For instance, Raj’s total income is Rs. 4,00,000, and he has paid Rs. 80,000 as Life Insurance premium. His total gross income will be Rs. 4,00,000, while his net income will be Rs. 3,20,000.
Here are all the details about gross income and how to calculate it. Read on!
Your gross income would be a total of all taxable receipts for the previous year. This will also consist of profits or losses that you carry forward from the previous year and any income after including other provisions.
As per Section 14 of the IT Act, a taxpayer’s gross income can be classified as follows:
If you are a salaried individual, your annual salary is your gross income, along with other sources of income like investments. However, if you run a business, the gross income is the revenue which your business earns from offering goods and services – the cost of the goods you sold (not including applicable taxes). Let’s take an example to have a clear understanding.
Your business has received total revenue of Rs. 10 lakh. Here are the costs that your business has incurred:
So, the cost of selling goods is Rs (3+3+1.5) lakh or Rs. 7.5 lakh.
Therefore, gross income would stand at Rs. 2.5 lakh (Rs. 10- 7.5 lakh)
As mentioned, gross income is the overall amount that you earn before removing any liabilities. The net income is obtained after removing all your liabilities from the gross income.
In the case of business, gross income is whatever a person earns, and net income is the business profit after removing all expenses. If you run a business, gross income is the total amount you earn before including the expenses you incur to earn the amount. For net income, you need to remove the expenses from gross income.
For instance, a company involved with selling pickles have total yearly revenue of Rs. 2 lakh. The cost of goods sold stands at Rs. 1 lakh. Here, Rs. 2 lakh is the gross income whole Rs. 1 lakh is net income.
Also Read: How To Save Income Tax On Salary?
Now that you have a clear idea about gross income, you can easily calculate your income tax and file income tax returns. It will also be essential for chalking out your monthly budget. However, you should note that your gross income is not the same as taxable income.
Ans: CTC or cost to the company is a sum finalised by a company when an employee is recruited. It includes the basic salary, provident fund, gratuity, medical insurance and various allowances. Basically, it is an employee’s overall salary package. It denotes the cumulative expenses by an employer during a year.
Ans: The different components of income are specified under Form 16 in Sections 17(3), 17(2) and 17(1). Companies issue the form on or before May 31 of the upcoming year. Form-16 is a crucial document that helps to prepare the ITR.
Section 17(1) comprises basic salary and different allowances. Section 17(2) mentions the perquisites of the employees, while Section 17(3) includes commissions, bonuses, etc.
Ans: Yes, salary arrears are taxable for the employees. However, employees may file for a relief u/s 89 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 to reduce the tax burden in a financial year. A taxpayer needs to submit Form 10E to avail of the relief.
Ans: An organisation offers specific benefits to its employees (based on their positions), known as allowances. These expenditures are an addition to an employee’s basic salary. The Income Tax Department categorises allowances into partially exempt, exempt and taxable.
Ans: Tax is charged on leave encashment if an employee receives it at the time of service. A tax exemption is applicable for government employees who receive it during retirement. For non-government employees, the tax liability depends on the limits specified in the IT Act.
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