The Income Tax Department makes it mandatory for Indian citizens to make a self-assessment of all their incomes and the respective income tax paid in advance. If there is a shortfall in the tax paid before, then they need to pay a self-assessment tax as per provisions of Section 140A of the IT Act. Self-assessment is essential before filing IT returns for income under sections 139, 142 (1), 148 or 153A. You need to pay Self-assessment tax prior to filing IT return and after availing credit for advance taxes already paid. Read on to know all the details about Section 140A.
Taxpayers file their returns on the basis of all incomes earned in a year. Before filing a return, they must calculate the total tax liability, consider the advance taxes payable and pay the self-assessment tax if any discrepancies arise. Therefore, it is the total amount paid by the taxpayer during the final income assessment.
Typically, one can pay the self-assessment tax under section 140A at any authorised bank or online. All the particulars, including challan number and payment date, needs to be recorded and mentioned while filing the tax return. One should make the payment after considering the advance tax paid.
Section 140A of the IT Act makes it mandatory to pay self-assessment tax before filing returns. If one fails to pay the tax amount in time, they are liable for an additional interest amount under Section 234A. The delay in filing IT returns automatically attracts a penalty.
Here are some of the provisions of Section 140A:
The self-assessment tax calculation procedure, in general, is as follows:
|Tax payable on total income||Add|
|Interest amount under section 234A/234B/234C||Less|
|Relief under Section 90/90A/91||Less|
|MAT Credit under section 115JAA||Less|
|Advance tax paid||Less|
|= Self-assessment tax payable|
However, if the self-assessment tax amount is not fully paid, then the amount one pays will first go towards payment of interest and the rest for paying the tax. In that case, the calculation is as below:
|Surcharge augmented income tax||2,00,000|
|Interest amount under section 234A/234B/234C||80,000|
|TDS and advance tax payable||90,000|
|Self-Assessment payable under Section 140A||2,00,000+80,000-90,000 = 1,90,000|
|Self-assessment tax amount||1,20,000|
So, here the entire Self-assessment tax is not paid. Naturally, a portion of Rs. 1.20 lakh will go towards penal interest payment and the rest for income tax payment.
Also Read: Income Tax Slabs In India For FY 2022-23: New Tax Regime Vs Old Tax Regime
Here’s a stepwise guide to calculate the tax liability under Section 140A of the Income Tax Act:
(* denotes ‘wherever applicable.’)
Also Read: How To File Income Tax Return Using The New Tax Filing Portal?
The Income Tax Department specifically requests individuals to take extra care while calculating their tax amounts and doing the self-assessment. An Assessing Officer commences assessment only after individuals complete their self-assessment. This is because Section 140A of income tax often precedes summary assessment, scrutiny assessment and judgement assessment.
Ans: Section 140A of the Income Tax Act requires all citizens to self-assess their tax liabilities before they opt to file their IT returns for a given financial year. This will help them to calculate the amount of self-assessment tax.
Ans: Advance tax is the tax you need to pay if you are a salaried individual with other income sources and the tax liability for the year after TDS deduction stands at more than Rs. 10,000. Self-assessment tax is the amount you pay before return filing if you see that some tax is due even after TDS payment or advance tax payment.
Ans: If you do a self-assessment before filing an income tax return and finds out that he/she is not liable to pay any income tax, then the IT Department refund would be initiated.
Ans: If you pay advance tax up to 90%, then no penalty will be charged. However, if the taxpayer pays 90% of the self-assessed tax amount, the IT Department charges a penalty on the remaining 10%.
Ans: The self-assessed tax amount has to be sent online via internet banking. You can pay the amount online through authorised banks only. This mandate has come into effect from 2008.
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