Receipts are described as written records of the amounts paid in exchange for goods or services. Businesses need to record financial transactions to keep track of their expenses and profitability as well as for taxation purposes. Not all receipts contribute towards the profit or loss of a company. These receipts can be broadly classified into revenue receipts and capital receipts.
Read on to know the key differences between capital receipts and revenue receipts and their features.
Capital receipts are payments that companies receive that reduce financial assets or create liabilities. They are also described as incoming cash flows and can be both debt and non-debt receipts.
The non-operating operations of a company are responsible for generating these payments and the funds are recorded on the company’s balance sheet instead of its income statements. Loans from RBI (Reserve Bank of India), foreign governments and the general public form an integral part of a company’s capital receipts.
Any income earned from the core business operation of a company or business is known as the revenue receipt. These receipts directly influence the profit or loss of the entity as they come from core business activity. This receipt is of a recurring nature and is used to meet the daily expenses of the business.
The differences between capital and revenue receipts are as follows:
|Parameter||Revenue receipts||Capital receipts|
|Meaning||Revenue receipts come from core operational activities of the business.||Capital receipts are those that come from the financial activities of the business.|
|Nature||They are recurring in nature||They are non-recurring in nature|
|Examples||Receipts from sale of goods or services offered by the business constitute revenue receipts.||Receipts from sale of assets of the business are capital receipts.|
|Source||Sources of revenue receipts are operational activities.||Sources of capital receipts are non-operational activities.|
|Found in/Shown in||Income statement||Balance sheet|
|Impact on profit||The revenue receipt of a company has an impact on its profits.||Capital receipt of an organisation has no or minimal impact on its profits.|
|Disclosure||Companies disclose these receipts on the income statement.||These are shown in the liabilities section of a company’s balance sheet.|
|Reserve surplus||Companies can use these receipts to create a surplus.||Companies cannot use capital receipts to create a reserve surplus.|
|Matching Concept||These are matched with revenue receipts to record profit/loss of the year.||These are not matched/analysed with capital expenditure.|
Listed below are the features of capital receipts:
Here are some features of revenue receipts:
To sum up, capital receipts create liabilities or reduce the financial assets of a company while revenue receipts are received by a company from its primary business operations. If investors understand the concepts of revenue receipts and capital receipts, they can make better decisions about which firms to invest in.
For instance, generally, people think twice before investing in an entity that has more capital receipts than revenue receipts as it reflects the firm’s inability to survive.
Ans: Revenues are income earned by businesses or professionals for the sale of goods and services, rent receipts, royalties, etc. On the other hand, tax is levied by the government that it earns from taxpayers.
Ans: Some examples of capital receipts are the amount received after selling an asset, claim amount from insurance, loan from financial institutions, investment in businesses by investors, etc.
Ans: Expenses incurred by a business house for the sale of their goods or services come under revenue expenses. Apart from this, regular administrative expenses and expenses incurred on repairs and maintenance also forms a part of revenue expenditure.
Ans: A donation is a payment made to a non-profit organisation. When such donations are given without any specific objective, then it comes under the revenue receipt head of the organisation. At the same time, any donation given for a specific objective will always come under capital receipt.
Ans: Some features of capital receipts are as follows:
1. These receipts are non-recurring.
2. Capital receipts do not come from core business activities.
3. It does not influence the profit or loss of the company.
Disclaimer: Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme-related documents carefully.
This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information, and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
|Section 112A||Section 50||Section 245|
|Section 80QQB||Section 32AD||Section 250|
|Section 35D||Section 143 (1a)||Section 115BAB|
|Section 143||Section 79||Section 140A|
|Section 17(2)||Section 3||Section 94A|
|Section 147||Section 80||Section 40A|
|Section 48||Section 115AD||Section 14A|
|Section 45||Section 285BA||Section 6|
|Section 36||Section 87A||Section 80GGA|
|Section 244A||Section 234E||Section 28|
|Section 197||Sectio 548||Section 194J(1)(ba)|
|Section 145A||Section 80P||Section 92CD|
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