The minimum amount due on your credit card statement is the minimum amount you are required to pay by the payment due date. Typically, it is 5% of the total outstanding balance. In addition to the expenses incurred in this particular billing cycle, the credit card minimum payment will also include any unpaid dues from the previous billing cycle and EMI payment conversions that you may have opted for. Bear in mind that in case you choose to pay only the credit card minimum payment, interest will be applied only on the outstanding balance and not the total amount.
While different card issuers may adopt different methods to arrive at the credit card minimum payment, we will only discuss a couple of methods that are widely used. They are as follows:
Some issuers calculate the minimum amount due on a credit card as a percentage of the balance at the end of the billing cycle in addition to the finance charges. For example, 1% of the balance and accrued interest. Suppose you have accrued a balance of ₹1,000 on your card. Let us assume that the annual rate (APR) applicable on your card is 24%. Then, the minimum payment will be 1% of ₹1,000, which is ₹10, plus the monthly loan fee, which let us assume is ₹20. So, the credit card minimum payment in this case is ₹30.
Some credit card providers calculate minimum payment as a direct percentage of their balance at the end of a billing cycle. This percentage is generally higher than that of method 1. It is typically between 2% and 5%, and is applicable to both the principal and the interest components. Let’s say, you have run up a bill of ₹1,000 at the end of a billing cycle. Then, calculated at 2% of that balance, the minimum amount due on your credit card is ₹20 (=2/100×1000).
Let’s say that your card issuer generates the statement on the 20th of each month and charges a rate of 3.5% per month on your card. The minimum amount due is set at 5% of the outstanding balance. Let us assume that the due date is the 2nd of the following month.
For the sake of simplicity, let us assume that the card issuer considers the total balance accrued till 20th of each month as the outstanding balance for that month.
Let us assume that you have made two transactions of ₹1,000 and ₹4,000 respectively on your card before the cut-off date for the billing cycle. So, the total billing amount for this cycle is ₹5,000 and the minimum amount due will be 5% of ₹5,000 = ₹250. This is how a summary of your bill may look:
|Date of Transaction||Outstanding balance||Comment|
|10th of the month||₹1,000||No interest charge|
|12th of the month||₹4,000||No interest charge|
|20th of the month||₹5,000||Statement generated. Minimum amount due is ₹250 (calculation shown above). Let’s say you decide to pay only the minimum amount on the due date.|
|2nd of the next month i.e. due date for the billing cycle||₹(5,000-250)= ₹4,750 is the new outstanding balance||A rate of 3.5% per month will apply to this amount|
While there are undoubtedly some benefits of paying the minimum amount due, the disadvantages far outweigh the advantages. In fact, most financial experts will advise you to pay off the total amount due on your credit card without fail. In the following section, let us turn our attention to disadvantages of paying the minimum due on credit card.
If you do not pay the minimum payment on the credit card amount by the due date, you will incur charges on the unpaid invoice. These charges typically range from 30% to 49% per year on unpaid amounts. Unpaid due can also lead to the cancellation of interest-free periods for new credit card transactions. Failure to repay the minimum amount will also adversely affect your creditworthiness.
If you cannot fully repay your credit card invoice by the due date, you can convert all or part of your credit card invoice to an EMI. This helps reduce the interest burden, as the interest rate for such EMI conversions is much lower than the actual cost. The duration of such EMI conversions can range from 3 months to 5 years, depending on the card issuer and your credit profile. EMI conversion reduces interest costs for cardholders, saves funding costs for new card transactions, and allows unpaid dues to be repaid in smaller amounts based on repayment capacity.
Here are some major disadvantages of paying only the minimum amount due on your credit card for a long period of time:
Paying the minimum amount due on credit cards within the due date can prevent your credit score from plummeting. However, there are quite a few disadvantages that we have already highlighted above – such as paying higher interest, not getting a grace period, and having to live with a lower credit limit and score. So, it is advisable that you utilise the credit available on your credit wisely and continue to pay off the total amount due on your credit card in full every month.
However, if you need a loan to consolidate your debt or pay off your dues, you could consider getting a Navi Instant Cash Loan. With this loan, you can get up to ₹20 Lakh at interest rates, as low as 9.9% p.a. And that too with minimum documentation and zero hassle! To apply for a loan, download the Navi App today and get started!
A secure credit card works like a regular credit card. The only difference between a standard credit card and a secure credit card is that the latter is issued against collateral such as deposits to reduce the risk level of the card issuer. A secure credit card is helpful for people who have no or inadequate credit history.
You can find out if you are eligible for a credit card by checking the eligibility criteria posted on the bank’s website. You can also contact the customer service department of your credit card issuer to verify your eligibility.
The credit limit is the maximum amount of credit that a credit card can accept. The applicant’s credit limit depends on its profile, repayment capacity, and CIBIL credit report. However, you can request this from your provider to raise your credit limit.
Yes, you can withdraw cash from ATMs with your credit card. However, withdrawing cash with a credit card will incur additional charges ranging from 2.5% to 3.5%.
The total unpaid amount is the same as the total spending of the card in a particular billing cycle, but the minimum unpaid amount is only a small part of the total amount used. You do not have to pay any additional charges if you pay the full amount with a card. On the other hand, if you pay the minimum payment or more than the minimum payment and less than the total payment, it indicates that your balance will be charged interest.
Yes, it could. If you continue to pay only the minimum amount due on your credit card for a long time, it will not only reduce your credit limit, but will also affect your credit score.
You can continue to pay just the minimum amount due every month. However, remember that you may have to bear much higher borrowing costs as the interest rate applicable will be much higher.
Yes, most card issuers charge interest between 2% and 5% on the outstanding balance, after you pay the minimum amount due.
Yes, of course. You can pay more than the minimum amount, the full amount, or an amount in between the two. The choice is yours.
The minimum amount due on your credit card is the amount that you must pay before the due date to ensure that your credit card account remains active and you can avoid penalties. The total amount due is the total balance on your card at the end of a billing cycle. It is advisable that you pay off the total amount due within the due date to enjoy interest-free borrowing.
Please note that if you don’t pay even the minimum amount due by the payment due date, you may have to deal with higher interest charges on the total amount due on your credit card in addition to late payment fees. It will also have a negative impact on your credit score.
This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information, and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
What is Issuer Identification Number (IIN)- Working and ImportanceWhat is an Issuer Identification Number (IIN)? Banks and financial institutions assign a distinc... Read More »
What is a Vostro Account – Meaning, Working and DifferenceWhat is a Vostro Account? A Vostro account is a bank account held by a domestic bank on behalf o... Read More »
What is a Solvency Certificate? – Format, Documents Required & How to Apply Online?What is a Solvency Certificate? A solvency certificate is a legal document furnishing the detail... Read More »
What is Merchant Banking – Services, Features, Functions and ExampleWhat is Merchant Banking? Merchant banking is a set of select banking and financial services off... Read More »
Automated Clearing House: Objectives, Types and ProcessAutomated Clearing House is an electronic fund transfer network that manages automatic and direct... Read More »
What is Electronic Clearing Service (ECS) in Banking and How does it Work?What is Electronic Clearing Service (ECS)? Electronic Clearing Service (ECS) is a method of elec... Read More »
What are Credit Card Validators and How to Use them?What is a Credit Card Validator? A credit card validator is a tool that checks the validity of a... Read More »
What are Prepaid Expenses? – Definition, Examples, and Journal EntryPrepaid expenses represent payments made in advance for products or services expected to be incurre... Read More »