Managing available capital can make sure that a small business stays afloat. Cash management is an integral part of a business. It is part of an organisation that oversees how cash is collected and spent. But cash management is a weakness for many firms for several reasons.
Read on to know about cash management techniques and ways of managing your business flawlessly through it.
The skill of controlling cash inflows and cash outflows is known as cash management. It is an essential step in making sure that any business can survive. For this particular reason, banks and businesses frequently collaborate where banks are given custody of cash assets. However, banks can assist companies with more than just holding cash; they can help them receive money from receivables and pay it forward under payables and other business expenditures.
The process of managing a company’s cash flows to ensure that there is enough liquidity to meet its financial obligations is referred to as cash management. This includes tracking cash inflows and outflows, forecasting future cash requirements, and deciding how to invest surplus cash to generate returns.
Cash management includes several steps:
Let’s understand this with the help of an example.
Let’s say that this is Company XYZ’s weekly average cash balance report:
|Week||Average Cash Balance (in INR)|
As per the report, the total value is Rs. 1,00,000
If the annual interest rate is 12%, the monthly average cash balance would be:
Monthly Average Cash Balance: INR 1,00,000 / 4 = INR 25,000
Therefore, the Monthly Return on Average Cash Balance will be equal to INR 25,000 * 0.01 = INR 250
The business will use this to manage its cash flow.
Here are some of the different types of cash management:
The cash flow statement of an organisation will show cash flow from operating activities, excluding cash flow from investing.
After capital has been reinvested, cash is still available, known as free cash flow to equity.
This metric is utilised in financial modeling and valuation.
The term “Net Change in Cash” describes the overall cash flow change from one accounting period to the next.
The primary method used by businesses to settle their financial liabilities is cash. However, money is not the same as value. When all of a company’s assets are considered, it may be worth $1 million, but it might only have $50,000 in cash. Therefore, businesses need to be careful not to spend their money faster than they collect it as receivables.
If a company’s available cash falls short of the amount needed to cover its current liabilities, it might sell its assets to raise money or take out a loan. A business that doesn’t have enough cash to purchase inventory risks potential sales opportunities.
Listed below are some of the functionalities of cash management:
Inventory management is aided by effective cash management—lower liquidity results from trapped sales, which are indicated by higher inventory. As a result, a company should constantly concentrate on speeding up its cost of being out of stock to enable cash flow.
To increase sales, a business concentrates on improving its invoices. However, the credit limit and period concerning cash receipts may be anywhere from 30 to 90 days. This indicates that even though the company has every sales record, the funds from such dealings are still pending.
Here, cash management’s job is to ensure that all receivables are paid as soon as possible to avoid a potential cash shortage. It also has a way to keep track of things, providing quick retrieval, and letting the business know what might happen in the future.
This is another essential part of the system of managing cash where discounts and cash credit terms can help businesses.
Here are some of the main objectives of cash management:
The most vital objective of a cash management system is limiting your cash outflow as well as accelerating cash inflow. A business owner might always want to increase the amount of cash flowing into the business. However, minimising the cash outflow will result in reduced operational expenses.
An efficient cash management system that is integrated with cash management software will increase your real-time cash visibility which will give you greater control of your cash flow.
The right cash management system will help you to optimise cash and plan effectively. It helps in planning capital expenditure and determining the ratio of equity and debt to acquire finances. With the right planning, you will have the right amount of liquid cash so that you do not fall short of it.
The company might have to face certain unexpected circumstances like a breakdown of machinery. Having surplus cash will help in coping with this situation in the best manner.
Cash management helps in the optimum utilisation of available funds by creating an adequate balance between cash in hand and investments. It will help you to invest the idle funds in the right proportion at the right opportunity as it is one of the aims of cash management.
If companies do not have proper planning for cash management, a situation might arise when the business will be unable to pay its bills. This situation may occur due to a lack of liquid cash or not being able to make a profit from the money available.
Here are some ways how cash management can be improved:
Cash management entails managing cash flows and optimising the use of cash resources to ensure that a company has enough liquidity to meet its obligations and achieve its goals. Below are the two basic cash management principles:
Companies must encourage their clients and customers to pay their bills on time by providing them with attractive discounts and other incentives.
Keeping a larger inventory level can frequently result in a situation where cash is unnecessarily trapped. Even warehouse space is unnecessarily occupied. Companies must devise appropriate techniques and strategies in order to successfully maintain lower levels of inventory.
Here are some cash management strategies that businesses can use to optimise their use of cash resources:
Businesses can better manage their cash flow and anticipate potential shortfalls by accurately forecasting cash inflows and outflows and creating a budget.
Negotiate with customers and suppliers to help businesses manage cash flows more effectively. They could, for example, offer early payment discounts to customers or request extended payment terms from suppliers.
This can help businesses receive payment from customers more quickly and reduce the time it takes to convert accounts receivable into cash
Reducing unnecessary expenses can help businesses conserve cash and improve their cash flow. For example, they could negotiate better prices from suppliers or implement cost-cutting measures.
Businesses should keep enough cash on hand to cover unexpected expenses, and emergencies, and to capitalise on unanticipated opportunities.
The benefits of cash management are listed below:
Companies must be intensely aware of receipts and cash payment timings. They should also ensure that they receive ample amounts to pay forward as payables.
Revenue is estimated at the time of a transaction, but money might get delayed for up to 90 days. Companies may record high profits on the basis of their revenue. Still, they can face cash deficits if they have delayed sale collections even after running profits regularly.
Learning to adopt proper cash management techniques is essential for every business. They help even the most problematic financial issues to be resolved quickly. Cash management can be performed as per the need and nature of a business. It differs from manager to manager regarding their objectives for the business’s future.
Falling short on funds? Get a Navi Cash Loan in a 100% paperless manner at affordable rates and maintain the flow of funds without much of a hassle!
Cash management and bookkeeping don’t necessarily need to be separate in small businesses. Within the same department, the two tasks might be carried out. However, these activities are specialised in larger firms. This is so because bookkeeping requires a distinct skill set than cash management. Additionally, it’s crucial to separate tasks in larger businesses for operational control reasons: the person issuing the invoice shouldn’t also be the one handling the associated payment.
Small business cash managers also deal with foreign exchange, but FX management is a different field of expertise. For example, a case manager may have to open bank accounts in other currencies. The cash manager cuts operational costs by avoiding repeated transactions between the same currency pairs, which can lead to extra fees. This is not FX management. When researching market events that affect Treasury operations, the FX Manager often has to take on a more analytical or strategic role.
When the IBAN, a new standard for bank account numbers, was implemented a few years ago, it made sending money electronically across borders easier. Theoretically, it lets businesses run with fewer bank accounts, making managing cash easier and cheaper. However, even though the IBAN is easy to use, some companies have more than one account in a foreign bank. They do this because they believe that doing business locally requires using a local bank.
What is Issuer Identification Number (IIN)- Working and ImportanceWhat is an Issuer Identification Number (IIN)? Banks and financial institutions assign a distinc... Read More »
What is a Vostro Account – Meaning, Working and DifferenceWhat is a Vostro Account? A Vostro account is a bank account held by a domestic bank on behalf o... Read More »
What is a Solvency Certificate? – Format, Documents Required & How to Apply Online?What is a Solvency Certificate? A solvency certificate is a legal document furnishing the detail... Read More »
What is Merchant Banking – Services, Features, Functions and ExampleWhat is Merchant Banking? Merchant banking is a set of select banking and financial services off... Read More »
Automated Clearing House: Objectives, Types and ProcessAutomated Clearing House is an electronic fund transfer network that manages automatic and direct... Read More »
What is Electronic Clearing Service (ECS) in Banking and How does it Work?What is Electronic Clearing Service (ECS)? Electronic Clearing Service (ECS) is a method of elec... Read More »
What are Credit Card Validators and How to Use them?What is a Credit Card Validator? A credit card validator is a tool that checks the validity of a... Read More »
What are Prepaid Expenses? – Definition, Examples, and Journal EntryPrepaid expenses represent payments made in advance for products or services expected to be incurre... Read More »
Increase Credit Card Limit – Important Tips and How to Do It?The credit card limit is the maximum amount of money you can spend using your credit card. Your cre... Read More »