When a financial institution provides a loan based on a borrower’s credit history and without any collateral, it is called an unsecured business loan.
Many business owners borrow unsecured business loans to finance their dreams. However, banks and other financial institutions generally lend it to people with good businesses and high credit worthiness.
Unsecured Business Loan Interest Rates 2022
Refer to the table below to check the latest unsecured business loan interest rates
Interest Rates (p.a.)
11.90% – 21.35%
14.25% – 18.50%
17% – 21%
16% – 19.99%
17.50% – 25%
Tata Capital Finance
Up to 26%
*Note that the interest rate table is for educational purposes only. The final rate offered is solely at the discretion of the lender.
How to Apply for an Unsecured Business Loan?
Below are the steps to apply:
Step 1: Visit the nearest branch of your chosen bank/financial institution
Step 2: Check with the officials about the amount that you will receive against your business loan eligibility
Step 3: Fill up the application form and submit the required documents. Finally, wait for the amount to get disbursed to your account
Step 1: Visit the official website of your lender
Step 2: Navigate to ‘business loan’ on the homepage
Step 3: Fill up every required detail in the application form
Step 4: A bank representative will get in touch with you and guide you on the next steps
Unsecured Business Loan Eligibility Criteria
Eligibility parameters of unsecured business loans are listed as follows:
Credit score of the business owner needs to be 750 or above.
Applicant’s minimum age has to be 18, and maximum age has to be 65 at the time of the loan’s maturity.
The applicant’s business needs to function from the exact location for the last one year. Additionally, it needs to earn profits.
Applicants need to provide bank details of the previous 6 months.
Importantly, borrowers need to have a regular source of income. Therefore, they need to submit their salary slips while applying for an unsecured business loan.
Documents Required for Procuring Unsecured Business Loan
Below listed are a set of general documents required to apply for such a loan:
Proof of income
Passport size photograph
Photo identity proof
Proof of business continuity
Unsecured Business Loan Features and Benefits
Crucial features of these loans are enumerated below:
These loans are sanctioned without any collateral.
Overdraft bank facilities are available on most unsecured business loans.
Financial institutions strictly check the borrower’s income, CIBIL score and history of loan repayment.
Unsecured business loans have a flexible loan tenure.
Loan amount will depend on the size of the business.
Unsecured vs Secured Business Loans
This table below provides essential differentiating factors between secured and unsecured loans:
Mandatory, in the form of residential or commercial properties/stocks/machinery
Good credit history is a must
Credit history is not rigidly checked
Rate of interest
Low, as compared to unsecured business loans
Rate of approval
Available loan amount
Advantages and Disadvantages of an Unsecured Business Loan
Given below are advantages and disadvantages of these loans:
Advantages are as follows:
1. Quick loan process
When someone applies for a loan, it is generally a lengthy process because the officials go through the documents and assess the applicant’s worthiness.
The process of availing of this loan takes much less time. This is because documentation takes up much less time. As a result, the amount gets disbursed very quickly.
2. No collateral
Financial institutions consider the eligibility and income of the borrower before sanctioning the unsecured loan amount. The borrower doesn’t have to submit any details of collateral.
3. No risk to business assets
Considering the fact that the borrower doesn’t have to submit the details of assets like commercial property, vehicles and inventories, business assets are not exposed to any risk.
Disadvantages are as follows:
4. High rate of interest
These loans have the provision of no collateral. Financial institutions levy a high-interest rate on unsecured business loans to balance the risk.
5. Risk of low credit score
If a borrower fails to pay EMIs on time, his/her credit score will be automatically lowered.
6. Loan amount is low
As these loans involve risks, the amount available is generally lower than secured loans.
If you have wanted to build your startup, it’s time to get going. Don’t let financial woes let you down. If you have a good credit score and a good repayment history, you can consider borrowing an unsecured business loan.
Q1. I want to borrow an unsecured business loan. How much money will I get?
Ans:The amount of money that one can avail of depends on the applicant’s income. The minimum amount is Rs. 10,000, and the maximum amount that one can avail of as an unsecured business loan is Rs. 1 crore.
Q2. How much time will the bank take to disburse the loan amount to my account?
Ans:Generally, a financial institution takes 7 – 15 working days to complete the processing of an unsecured business loan. After the institution completes verifying all the documents, it doesn’t take much time for the loan amount to get disbursed to your account. But, the time varies from one financial institution to another.
Q3. Do banks allow pre-closure on business loans?
Ans:It depends on the bank entirely. Often, banks have a lock-in period of 6 months to a year. Sometimes, customers can pre-close a loan after the first EMI has been paid. Banks can levy pre-closure charges on individuals seeking to pre-close their loans. It is advisable to check the bank’s rules related to pre-closures of business loans.
Q4. What will happen if I default on an unsecured business loan?
Ans:If you have missed 1-2 payments, the lender might issue warnings. You might also have to pay fees. Lenders might increase the interest rate. Loan default takes place after 3-6 missed payments. After that, the lender might alter the loan agreement and offer lower payments over a longer period. The lender might terminate the loan agreement as well.
Q5. How can I prevent defaulting on an unsecured business loan?
Ans:Given below are the few steps to follow if you’re worried about defaulting: Inform your lender of the problem. They might alter the loan agreement that cater your requirements. Talk to an accountant who can help you identify cash flow from other avenues of the business. Choose the option of refinancing if it’s possible. Finally, don’t panic.
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