An investor, Mr Agarwal, has sold some of his mutual fund investments recently. On checking the redemption amount in his bank account, he finds out that the amount is lesser than what he expected. Where is the remaining money?
Well, there must be an exit load. Want to know how it works? Keep reading!
What Is an Exit Load?
An exit load is a fee that an investor has to pay to the Asset Management Company (AMC) when selling the fund units. The objective of levying this fee is to prevent the investors from exiting the scheme prematurely. Therefore, the charge helps to diminish the number of withdrawals from the funds. That exit load varies from one fund house to another. It is calculated as a percentage of the total value of the investment at the time of redemption.
Suppose Mr Agarwal allocated Rs. 40,000 to an equity fund in January 2021. The scheme has an exit load of 1% if units are redeemed before the completion of one year from the date of purchase.
Net Asset Value at the time of investment was Rs. 100, which denotes that the investor got 400 units.
Now, let’s say Mr Agarwal redeemed the units in May 2021. The calculation for exit load is as follows:
Sum invested in January 2021
NAV at the time of investing
40,000 ÷ 100 = 400
NAV at the time of redemption
1% of (90 × 400) = Rs. 360
Redemption amount (Final)
Rs. (36,000 – 360) = Rs. 35,640
Exit Load in Different Types of Mutual Funds
The rates of exit load vary from fund to fund. You need to check this fee of a fund scheme before investing in it. Note down the points below:
There is no exit load in the case of liquid funds. This implies that an investor doesn’t have to pay a certain fee if he/she opts out of a scheme before a predefined period.
Debt mutual funds may or may not charge an exit load. Debt funds such as ultra-short duration funds, overnight funds, gilt funds, PSU and Banking funds do not charge this load. Conversely, debt schemes having an accrual-based investment strategy usually levy higher exit loads to mitigate the portfolio risk.
A fund house usually levies a higher exit load on equity funds than on debt funds because equity instruments are meant for long term investments.
Arbitrage funds mostly charge exit costs for retrieval within 15 to 30 days.
In case you wish to get equity exposure without having to pay an exit load upon premature redemption, you may consider investing in the Navi Nifty 50 Index Fund. You can do so through platforms like Zerodha, Paytm Money, and Groww, to name a few.
Exit load on SIP works the same as that of all other funds. For example, Gita’s each SIP instalment must complete 1 year in order to ignore the exit load upon redemption. If Gita has invested in the plan for 3 years, she needs to wait for one more year, i.e. 4 years in total, to withdraw all her units without paying an exit load.
Hence, it is possible to avoid this cost by adjusting your investment duration with the time span for which the scheme charges an exit load.
An individual needs to be aware of the exit load while investing. After all, nobody would want to pay an additional fee that they did not know of beforehand at the time of redemption. Remember that you need to take into account the loads and expenses of a mutual fund scheme for calculating the estimated returns effectively.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. Will I have to pay an exit load if I am incurring a loss from the fund?
Ans: Yes, an individual will have to pay an exit load if he/she is selling the units at a loss. This is because the exit load is charged on the total redemption amount and not on gains.
Q2. What will be the exit load if I switch from one scheme to another under the same AMC?
Ans: If an investor switches from one mutual fund scheme to another within the exit load period of the source fund, he/she will still have to pay the fee. This is because a switch is considered as redemption and not re-investment.
Q3. What is NAV?
Ans: Net Asset Value or NAV signifies per unit market value for a specific mutual fund. This value keeps changing every day. The formula is given below: NAV = (Total Assets – Total Liabilities) ÷ Total outstanding stocks
Q4. What are debt funds?
Ans: A debt fund is a type of mutual fund that makes investments in fixed income securities such as debentures, government bonds and corporate bonds, commercial papers, etc. Debt schemes are suitable for investors who wish to earn stable returns without taking too much risk.
Q5. What are arbitrage funds?
Ans: Arbitrage funds refer to equity-based hybrid funds that leverage arbitrage opportunities in the equity market, for example, taking advantage of the price differential in the futures and spot market. SEBI regulations require these funds to invest 0-35% of the fund corpus in debt instruments and 65-100% in the equity asset class.
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Disclaimer: Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme-related documents carefully.
This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
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