The Aadhaar card is a 12-digit unique number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). It contains biometric information, such as fingerprints and iris scans, along with demographic information, including individuals’ addresses and date of birth.
The Aadhaar card serves as proof of identity and is valid anywhere in India for any identification purposes. Having an Aadhaar card is compulsory while applying for a new PAN card or filing Income tax returns.
Read the following sections to learn more about its usage, documents required to apply, enrolment procedure, and more.
The Indian government introduced the Aadhaar card in 2010 with the aim to provide every Indian citizen with a unique identification number. Over the years, this document has become integral for various government and private services. The following are some of its uses:
Proof of identity
The Aadhaar Card is a government-issued ID proof containing your name, date of birth and address and is universally accepted in the country. Therefore, you can use it as a proof of identity and address for any services and benefits.
Availing government subsidies
It is also mandatory for availing of welfare schemes of the Central Government and State Governments. For example, you can get an LPG subsidy provided by the Indian Government once you link your Aadhaar to the LPG connection.
It is necessary for KYC (Know Your Customer) norms in banks, financial institutions, telecom services and several government services.
For other processes
With an Aadhaar Card, you can easily apply for a new savings account or a new passport.
Income Tax returns
It is mandatory to link your PAN number to your Aadhaar Card to file Income Tax returns. Once you do this, you can verify your tax returns with an OTP.
For mutual fund investment
Fund houses need to obtain a customer’s Aadhaar number and link the same to their accounts.
You will need to provide proof of identity, address, age and relationship to apply for an Aadhaar Card. The following is a list of documents you can use for the enrolment process:
Proof of identity
Voter ID card, Ration card, passport, PAN card, driving license, disability ID card, pensioner’s photo ID card, certificate of identity issued by a gazetted officer or Tehsildar.
Proof of address
Bank account statement, property tax receipt, gas connection bill, electricity bill, telephone bill, water bill, passbook, voter ID card, ration card, driving license, government or PSU-issued photo ID card.
PAN card, passport, SSC certificate, Birth certificate, government university issued mark sheet.
Proof of relationship
Passport, PDS card, family entitlement document, MNREGA job card, pension card, CGHS/ECHS/ESIC medical card.
There are many authorised Aadhaar Enrolment Centres and Permanent Enrolment Centres under UIDAI all over the country. Here is a list of steps that detail how you can enrol for Aadhaar at one of these places.
Go to UIDAI’s homepage and click on ‘Locate Enrolment and Update Centres’ under ‘Aadhaar Online Services’.
On the new page, enter the details asked for, such as state, city, district name etc.
After submission, the page will display a list of both permanent and camp-mode centres.
Click on the name of the nearest enrolment Centre to find out its full address.
After locating a nearby enrolment Centre, visit there with the necessary original documents and their photocopies.
Get a copy of the Aadhaar enrolment form from the Centre or UIDAI’s website. Fill it out and submit it after checking that there are no mistakes.
Now, you will have to complete the biometric scans, including fingerprint scans and iris scans. Moreover, the executive will take your photograph.
Make sure to collect your enrollment slip before leaving the Centre.
You will receive the Aadhaar card by post within 90 days of enrolling for it. You can use the enrolment ID provided in the slip to track the status of your application.
The Aadhaar card offers a portable identification method that is universal and can be used nationwide. It serves as an identity and address proof for all sorts of private and government services. Moreover, its online services ensure that you can download the Aadhaar card from the official website if you lose it.
Ans: Yes, The Government of India has made it mandatory to link your PAN Card with Aadhaar for filing your income tax returns. Recently, they have extended the deadline to do so from 31 March 2021 to 31 March 2022.
Ans: UIDAI has introduced a new PVC Aadhaar Card, which is more durable and easy to carry. You can apply for it online using your Aadhaar Number and Enrolment ID. It costs Rs. 50 and will be delivered to your doorstep via speed post.
Ans: No, you can only add a new mobile number to your Aadhaar card via a two-factor authentication where an OTP will be sent to your registered number. To link a new mobile number with your Aadhaar card, you will have to visit a Permanent Aadhaar Centre and submit an application.
Ans: The eAadhaar is an electronic copy of the Aadhaar card, which is universally acceptable in lieu of the physical copy. It is password-protected and saved in PDF format. The mAadhaar is UIDAI’s mobile application for Android devices. It allows you to connect up to 3 profiles and avail a wide variety of services.
Ans: As long as you have a registered mobile phone number, you can update demographic information like name, address, date of birth etc., through the website/app. To update/change any other details, you will have to visit an Aadhaar Seva Kendra.
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