Mutual funds have gained extreme popularity lately due to the host of benefits it brings along. However, individuals have a general misconception that mutual fund investments require a huge quantum of money. That is not true; you can start with a minimum investment in mutual funds and gradually scale up the investment as your income grows.
Read on to know the minimum investment amount for mutual funds.
The minimum investment is the smallest number of units an investor can purchase when investing in a particular mutual fund scheme. Oftentimes, some funds may require a minimum investment amount to ensure enough AUM (assets under management). Meaning, that individuals cannot invest any amount they want.
Fund houses set these minimum amounts to keep short-term trades from influencing the fund’s daily management and cash flow. The minimum investment amount is decided by considering the type of fund and its objective.
The minimum investment amount in mutual funds varies from fund to fund. However, there are a few basic practices that funds follow. Here’s a quick look at the minimum investment amount required for mutual funds:
Typically, there are two ways to invest in mutual funds – lump sum and systematic investment plan (SIP). SIP is the periodic investment of a fixed amount at regular intervals, for example, monthly, semi-annually, and quarterly. On the other hand, lump sum is a one-time investment; an investor allocates the entire amount to a mutual fund scheme in one go.
Both these methods feature their own set of pros and cons. However, the SIP route allows investors to carry out a minimum investment in mutual funds, and that too, at regular intervals.
That said, if you have a small but regular monthly income, you can consider SIP as the most suitable option. Alternatively, investors with higher risk tolerance and a relatively higher investment amount can consider investing in mutual funds via the lump sum route.
You need to consider a lot of factors to decide the ideal mutual fund investment amount. Ideally, an investor must evaluate his/her investment objective, investment horizon, expenses and income to decide the investment amount.
To arrive at the ideal amount, you must prioritise your goals. After that, estimate how much your goals will cost you. While preparing a budget, remember first to invest and then spend the remaining amount. This will help you plan your finances in a better way and enable you to cut down on unnecessary expenses.
Moreover, you can increase your investments as your income increases. This will help you in meeting your long-term goals faster.
Here are a few factors you should consider before investing in mutual funds:
Before deciding the investment amount, you need to know your financial goals. Make sure that your investment objective is in line with that of a mutual fund scheme that you are willing to choose.
The expense ratio is a yearly fee that an AMC imposes on investors to cover a fund’s operating expenses. This annual charge directly impacts the returns you earn from a particular investment. Thus, choosing a mutual fund that features a lower expense ratio is crucial.
Conducting a comprehensive risk analysis is crucial before investing in a mutual fund scheme. If you have a high risk appetite, you can consider lump sum investments. On the flip side, you might consider SIPs if your risk appetite is low.
A fund’s past performance should be one of the primary factors to consider before investing in mutual funds. This factor plays a confirmatory role during the fund selection process. However, you should note that a scheme’s historical performance cannot decide its future performance.
A direct plan does not involve an intermediary as it is provided directly by the fund house. Meanwhile, regular plans involve a third-party agent (distributor/broker), who gets commission from the AMC. Thus, a regular plan features a higher expense ratio than a direct plan. So, before investing in mutual funds, make sure to choose the plan wisely.
Navi offers various mutual fund schemes to fulfil your investment goals. Visit Navi Mutual Fund to explore the different options. Once you choose a fund, you can start investing with an amount as low as Rs. 500.
Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme-related documents carefully.
Mutual funds can offer substantial returns if one remains invested for the long term. Determining the ideal minimum investment amount in mutual funds will allow investors to plan their long-term investments without facing any financial pressure.
Ans: It might be possible for the minimum investment amount to decrease further in the coming years. Evidently, some funds offer daily and weekly SIPs. Here, the investment requirements are generally low. Meanwhile, fund houses tap into the rural settings to provide micro-SIPs.
Ans: During market lows, a lump-sum investment can garner considerable returns, if you invest at the right time. A few other benefits of lump-sum investment are:
• Substantial returns for the long-term
• It can help meet specific long-term financial goals
• This investment requires a one-time payment
Ans: Yes, Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) allows investors to allocate money in small amounts rather than investing a substantial amount. So, you can start investing in a SIP with just Rs. 100. Fund houses have introduced this scheme to tap into the larger market and make mutual fund investments accessible to all.
Ans: Yes, nowadays, there are many fund houses allowing daily SIP investments. This is a disciplined way of mutual fund investment and follows the basic principles of regular investment. Additionally, you do not need to start with a large investment amount.
Ans: SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount at regular intervals. This comes with the benefit of rupee cost averaging, which reduces, which allows you to buy more units when the market is down, and fewer units when the market is up. Additionally, SIPs feature lower transaction costs and flexibility. You can decrease or increase the SIP amount at your convenience.
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Disclaimer: Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme-related documents carefully.
This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
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