Trading in stocks is challenging. That’s why traders use several technical analysis tools, like candlestick charts, to carry out meaningful trades while assessing the trends in the market. One distinct candlestick pattern is a bullish engulfing pattern that contains a small red candlestick immediately followed by a large green candlestick. It may imply the end of a downward trend or signal a trend reversal in the markets.
This article helps you understand what a bullish engulfing pattern is, what it tells us, how to use it for trading, its limitations and more. Keep reading!
The bullish engulfing candlestick on the price chart shows a black or red candlestick and a much larger white or green candlestick the next day. A red candlestick pattern will appear when the market’s or stocks’ opening value is higher than its closing value. On the other hand, a green candlestick will occur when the closing value of a stock is higher than its opening value.
This pattern looks as if the entire body of the red candlestick is subsumed into a larger green candlestick. However, there are certain prerequisites that should be fulfilled for this pattern to establish.
It includes that the initial trend must be a downtrend one, and the first trading session of this pattern should conform to a red candle indicating bearishness in the market. Moreover, the second day of this pattern should exhibit a big green candlestick which will imply a trend reversal and bullish sentiments creeping into the markets.
A red candle means a higher opening price than the closing price, and green candles indicate the opposite of this. A stock must open at a lower price on the second day than the closing price of the first day.
The gap between the two price points should narrow down as it will give the larger green candlestick an opportunity to engulf or subsume a smaller red candle. Buying pressures have pushed the price onto a rising trajectory. Therefore, the price of stocks rises to a level that is even higher than previous highs.
Even after opening at a lower price than the previous day’s close, bulls had exerted immense buying pressure on the respective stock, which ultimately led to a comprehensive price increase. This is what leads to a bullish engulfing pattern.
One of the major significances associated with this engulfing candlestick pattern is that it indicates a trend reversal in favour of bullish sentiments in markets.
Traders can use this engulfing pattern to determine their trading positions. It indicates that markets are coming out of the bearish phase and moving onto the bullish ones; you can consider this a buying signal for the corresponding stock.
As the market price of stocks is expected to go up shortly, traders indulge in heavy buying of and book profits. Let’s consider an example that will help you understand this concept clearly.
Here are the opening and closing prices of a stock over a period of two trading sessions:
|The opening price on day 1 (Rs)||Closing price on day 2 (Rs)||Day’s high (Rs)||Day’s low (Rs)|
This price chart will form a bullish engulfing pattern candlestick chart. Day 1 will form a red candlestick, and the second day will form a large green candlestick. It exhibits the bottom value of a running downward trend and a corresponding reversal to an upward trend.
On day 1, there is the pessimistic sentiment associated with that particular stock resulting in heavy selling. As a result, it drives down the market price, and the second day also starts with the same bearish sentiment. However, as the day proceeds, bulls take over through heavy buying pressure, thereby driving up the stock price.
Here are some speculations that you can make from a bullish pattern:
A major inference you can make from these bullish engulfing candlestick patterns is a reversal of an ongoing trend. This exhibits the end of a downtrend and subsequent entry into an upward trend.
The lack of the presence of an upper wick in this pattern indicates that the next day could also give up another green candlestick. It may close at a higher price point than the bullish engulfing pattern. However, there are chances that the next day could also give black or red candlestick.
It may also help individuals formulate a specific exit strategy. A movement of trend from bearish sentiments to bullish ones can force traders, who have held selling positions, to exit the trade.
The significance of a bullish engulfing trend has been discussed below:
Here are some differences between the two engulfing candlesticks:
|Parameter||Bullish Pattern||Bearish Pattern|
|Structure||A bullish pattern will have a red candle followed by a large subsuming green one.||The bearish engulfing pattern will consist of a green candlestick followed by a large engulfing red candlestick. It works completely opposite to the bullish pattern.|
|Trend||This pattern will occur at the end of a continuing downtrend.||Bearish patterns will occur at the bottom of an uptrend.|
|Indication||It indicates a trend reversal from bearish to bullish.||This candlestick pattern indicates a trend reversal from a bullish to a bearish one.|
Some limitations of these trends are as follows:
Bullish engulfing pattern is a popular technical tool that traders use to take positions while dealing with stocks and options. The biggest significance of this tool is that it provides signals for a trend reversal or changes occurring in market sentiments. However, traders should also use other market indicators along with a candlestick chart before making a definitive trading decision.
Ans: There are two characteristics that one should keep in mind while looking out for a bullish candlestick pattern. One is that it should occur at the end of a prevailing downtrend. Second is that a green candle should subsume a preceding red one.
Ans: Bearish engulfing candlesticks function opposite to bullish patterns. In the case of bearish patterns, a small green candlestick is followed by a large subsuming red candle. This chart pattern signals lower prices to come.
Ans: In case of bullish engulfing, a green candlestick completely engulfs the preceding red candle. On the other hand, a piercing pattern’s green candle partially engulfs the preceding red candle. The engulfment ranges from 50 to 100%
Ans. An engulfing pattern is a technical indicator that investors use when they are looking for a trend reversal in markets. It is a multiple candlestick pattern that comes either at the end of an uptrend or downtrend.
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This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information, and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
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