Undervalued stocks are shares with a market value lower than their original or intrinsic value. There are numerous reasons for undervaluation ranging from overall market slowdown to sector-specific changes. The system of investing in undervalued stocks is referred to as value investing and was made popular by Benjamin Graham.
This blog is an easy guide to understanding how undervalued stocks work, an example, why stocks become undervalued, how to identify them and their benefits and limitations. Read on!
When investors believe that a company’s share price is lesser than it should be, the stock is said to be undervalued. That could happen, for instance, if a company was involved in a larger market selloff.
Consider a case where there’s negative news about the banking sector floating around. This would lead Investors to sell off a big portion of the stocks of banking companies. The negative news was specifically for some banks but still the stock of other financial organizations was aggressively sold which decreased the share values of such companies. Other investors might then start to believe that some of those unaffected stocks are undervalued.
At times, stocks are undervalued because they get dragged down due to short-term market volatility due to market crashes, surprising financial results, or just bad press. It is quite likely for the prices to jump back to their original value in the short run. However, some stocks are undervalued over the medium run due to a lack of interest from investors or the absence of cyclical market variations.
The following are qualitative factors that could potentially make stocks undervalued:
Let us assume you have purchased shares of a Firm XYZ at INR 50/share. The firm has 1,00,000 stocks in circulation and reports a profit of Rs.5,00,000. Now, the EPS of the company is Rs.5 (Rs.5,00,000/1,00,000).
The firm’s P/E (price to earning ratio) is calculated using share price/EPS i.e., 50/5. The P/E ratio is 10. It means for every INR 10 you invest in the company, you will make INR 1 in profit. Currently, the market index shows an average P/E ratio of 12.
The company XYZ has a lower P/E ratio as opposed to the market standard and this suggests that the stock of the company is undervalued.
Investors determine the valuation of stock by carefully assessing the company’s financials such as profits, revenues, cash flows, and other factors such as market trends, and developments in the sector of the company. The following are some of the key financials to identify an Undervalued Stock:
The following are key advantages of undervalued stocks:
The following are some of the disadvantages of undervalued stocks:
Undervalued shares have a great potential to yield higher returns provided investors can judge the multitude of variables related to stock in a precise and accurate manner.
Investors should have enough technical knowledge to understand how to diligently analyze a company and its shares to figure out which companies’ earning potential is going to increase in the coming times.
Value investors wait for the market scenario where a stock price will drop below its original value. They believe that if they can buy the share of a company at a lower price, where they get the same product, why should they burn extra money in purchasing the share at a higher price?
Experienced investors with decent knowledge and expertise in the stock market should only invest in undervalued shares.
Investing in undervalued stocks can bring handsome returns if done the right way. To make the right investment decision, you should conduct a detailed fundamental and technical analysis. It is also important to be cautious of value traps.
Ans: As per the latest reports, some of the most undervalued Indian stocks are Sonata Software Ltd., Avanti Feeds Ltd., HCL Technologies Ltd., Castrol India Ltd., and Oracle Financial Services Software Ltd.
Ans: There is no fixed answer to this as investing in undervalued shares depends on multiple factors. Some of the pros of investing in the best-undervalued stocks are attractive returns and low risk due to their cyclical nature. However, there are cons too which include the risk of running a flawed analysis, and the time taken for research.
Ans: Theoretically, when a stock is overvalued, its price will fall as soon as the market as a whole agrees that the price was excessive, given the anticipated earnings or the present economic climate.
Ans: Some of the top undervalued stocks on the S&P 500 currently are eBay Inc, NRG Energy Inc, American International Group Inc, Lumen Technologies; Inc, and Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co.
Ans: The companies are impacted by the soaring prices which increase expenses and reduce profits. The price rise also declines the spending potential of customers. Due to the reduced spending, they are buying less which further declines the profit and the earnings per share take a hit. When the EPS reduces, the P/E ratio rises and makes the stocks overvalued.
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This article has been prepared on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to be reliable. The information contained in this article is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The article does not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the information and disclaims all liabilities, losses and damages arising out of the use of this information. Readers shall be fully liable/responsible for any decision taken on the basis of this article.
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