Bihar Diwas is an important day for the state of Bihar. It marks the day on which the state was created. Hence, it is also called Bihar Sthapna Diwas. It is celebrated every year on 22nd March when the state of Bihar was carved out as a separate state from West Bengal. Bihar Diwas 2023 is declared as a public holiday in Bihar.
|Bihar Diwas 2023 Date||22nd March|
|Bihar Diwas Day||Wednesday|
|Also Called||Bihar Sthapna Diwas|
|Significance||Marks the day on which the state was created|
Bihar Diwas is celebrated with great pomp and show in the state of Bihar. The event is also celebrated in other countries like the United States of America, Britain, Canada, Australia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and several other countries with a Bihari population.
Read on to learn everything about Bihar Diwas and how it is celebrated in India.
Bihar was declared a separate state on 22nd March 1912. Therefore, every year 22nd of March is celebrated as Bihar Diwas, marking the establishment of the state. The Government of Bihar issues a notification every year declaring Bihar Diwas a public holiday for all the citizens residing in the state of Bihar. The holiday applies to all offices, whether public or private, schools, and all kinds of Government institutions that are a part of the state.
Bihar Diwas is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Bihar and across the country. The best thing about Bihar Diwas is that it has also become an important event for different countries across the globe. The Bihar Government organises various events and cultural programs on this day. Children from different schools and even adults participate in these events.
You can also observe the festivities of Bihar Stapna Diwas across several cities in India. While Patna remains the hub of all celebrations, you must also visit cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, etc., to get a fair picture of how the day is celebrated in different communities.
Let’s look at how Bihar Diwas is celebrated in some of the prominent cities in India.
Several cultural events are organised by the Bihar Government and other NGOs. The celebrations are also in full swing across schools and colleges. The state also organises several blood and eye donation camps on this day. If you are in Patna during Bihar Diwas, you will witness different folk dances, painting exhibitions, and a range of competitive events.
The Bihar Government organises a full-fledged celebration at Dilli Haat and calls it ‘Bihar Utsav’. The event focuses on showcasing the rich culture and heritage of the state. The mela is also known for displaying several artifacts from Bihar that the attendees can purchase.
Mumbai celebrates Bihar Diwas in a unique way. The city witnessed several Bihari film screenings that showcase the culture and history of Bihar.
Bengaluru has a sizeable population of Biharis. Hence, the city celebrates the day with great enthusiasm. The streets bustle with different nukkad nataks (street plays) and folk-dance performances to engage with the audience. The locals also get to try some of the best delicacies from Bihar from different food stalls.
The British separated Bihar from the Bengal Presidency on 22nd March, giving it its own identity. Since then, this day has been recognised as the Bihar Sthapna Diwas. The day is observed to celebrate the birth of a new state. It also marks the beginning of the recognition of its own unique heritage, culture, and traditions.
The first Bihar Diwas was celebrated in the year 2011, and since then, it has been celebrated every year with great zeal. The day is celebrated to honor the spirit of Bihar. It also gives the Government an avenue to lay down new imperatives of the state and to organise a full-fledged celebration for people to enjoy.
It is important to understand the historical significance of Bihar Diwas as it is an important event for the country. The event goes back to 1764, when Shah Alam II, Nawab of Bengal, and Nawab of Awadh joined forces to fight against the East India Company. The battle was fought in Buxar; hence, it is called the Battle of Buxar.
The East India Company won the battle, and the Indian forces lost their territories to the Britishers. The company got the rights to manage the state of West Bengal and collect the revenues from the farmers. The former Bengal Presidency was jointly made up of the current-day states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, and Bangladesh.
On 12th March 1912, Thomas Gibson Carmichael, the new governor of the Bengal Presidency, took charge of the state. He declared the splitting up of the state into 4 parts: Bengal, Assam, Odisha, and Bihar. Hence, 22nd March is celebrated as Bihar Diwas every year.
Earlier, the event was not celebrated at any level. But to celebrate the spirit of Bihar, the Government decided to celebrate this day every year since 2011. Chief Minister, Nitish Kumar, was the first to declare Bihar Diwas as a public holiday.
The best thing about Bihar Diwas is that the celebrations are no longer restricted to Bihar. It is widely celebrated in most Indian cities and even abroad. The Bihar Government takes up different initiatives to engage the entire population of Bihar in the Bihar Diwas festivities. They also organise events across the country to represent Bihar, its art, culture, and heritage on a national level.
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The Bihar Diwas is celebrated every year on 22nd March in Bihar and across the country.
The state of Bihar was created on 22nd March 1912. Earlier, it was a part of the Bengal Presidency.
Apart from India, there are several countries where Bihar Diwas is celebrated. These countries include the United States of America, Mauritius, Germany, United Arab Emirates, Britain, Qatar, Australia, Bahrain, Canada and Trinidad and Tobago.
CM Nitish Kumar started the celebration of Bihar Diwas as a separate holiday in the year 2011. He promoted the festival at a national level and organised large-scale events in the state of Bihar.
The governor of the Bengal Presidency, Thomas Gibson Carmichael, was the person who created Bihar. Earlier, the state was a part of the Bengal Presidency.
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